Ingantaccen haske an tsara shi ta hanyar ingantaccen tsarin bakan haske na sabon hasken haske na fitilar tsire-tsire na LED, kuma tumatir da ke cikin kayan aikin ana haɓaka su akai-akai tare da haske, da kuma tasirin ingancin haske daban-daban a cikin hasken wutar lantarkin yana ba da haske kan ci gaban na nazarin kayan lambu. Ainihin sakamakon ya nuna cewa hasken LED ja da haske ja da shuɗi suna da tasiri mai yawa a kan alamomin ci gaban iri na tumatir, kuma kaurin ƙarfe, sabo bushewar bushewa da ƙididdigar ƙwaya mai ƙarfi sun fi na tumatir muhimmanci sosai ba tare da ƙarin haske ba. Jan wuta ko hasken rawaya yana kara karfin chlorophyll da carotenoid na tumatirin Hongfeng na Isra’ila; ja haske ko ja shuɗi mai haske yana ƙara narkewar sukarin da ke cikin tumatir. Sabili da haka, ƙara jan haske ko ja da shuɗi a cikin matakin shuka zai iya inganta ci gaban tumatir kuma yana da fa'ida ga noman ƙwaya mai ƙarfi, amma yana buƙatar a dogara da dabarun ƙarin haske da ƙididdiga masu dacewa.
A mafi yawancin wuraren noman kayan lambu, tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire a cikin hunturu da bazara suna ƙarƙashin ƙarancin zafin jiki da rauni mai rauni. Wasu matakan kariya da sanyi na sanya karfin wuta, sun canza hasken, sun shafi ci gaban lafiya na shuka, kuma kai tsaye ya shafi amfanin gona da ingancin samfurin. Hasken tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire suna da fa'idodi maɗaukaki kamar su tsarkakakken haske mai inganci, ƙwarewar haske mai ƙarfi, nau'ikan tsinkayen wadataccen abu, daidaitaccen yanayin samar da makamashi, da kariyar muhalli da ceton makamashi. Wani sabon nau'in haske ne mai haske wanda yake maye gurbin fitilu mai haske kuma ana amfani dashi don shuka shuke-shuke. A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, aikace-aikacen abokantaka na muhalli da makamashi masu kiyaye makamashi zuwa hasken wutar lantarki mai kula da yanayin muhalli don haɓaka haɓakar shuka da haɓaka ya jawo hankali a hankali. Malaman ƙasashen waje sun gano ta hanyar bincike cewa LED monochromatic ko haɗakar ƙawancen haske mai haske yana da tasiri daban-daban a kan yanayin halittar da kuma hoton adon alayyaho, radish, letas, sugar beet, barkono, perilla da sauran shuke-shuke, waɗanda zasu iya inganta ingancin hotuna da inganta haɓaka. Kuma manufar tsara ilimin halittar jiki. Wasu masana cikin gida sun yi nazari kan tasirin hasken haske na LED akan ci gaban cucumber, tumatir, barkono mai zaki mai launuka iri, strawberries, fyade da sauran shuke-shuke, kuma sun tabbatar da tasirin haske na musamman kan ci gaban shukokin shuka, amma saboda yawanci gwaje-gwajen yi amfani da madogarar hasken wutar lantarki ta yau da kullun ko matatun haske, da dai sauransu. Za'a iya amfani da matakan don samun ƙimar haske, kuma ba shi yiwuwa a yawaita kuma a daidaita yadda ya dace da rarraba makamashi.
Tumatir muhimmin nau'in kayan lambu ne a cikin noman shukar na kasar. Canje-canje a cikin yanayin haske a cikin kayan aikin yana da babban tasiri akan haɓaka da ci gaban shukokin su. Amfani da ledoji don sarrafa ingancin haske da yawaitar haske, da kuma kwatanta tasirin haske daban daban wanda zai iya inganta cigaban bishiyar tumatir, da nufin samar da taimako ga ƙa'idodin yanayin yanayin yanayin kayan lambu.
Kayan aikin gwajin nau'ikan tumatir ne guda biyu "Dutch Red Powder" da "Israel Hongfeng".
Kowane magani an sanye shi da fitilun tsire-tsire guda shida na LED, kuma an sanya fim mai nunawa tsakanin kowane magani don keɓewa. Plementara haske na awanni 4 kowace rana, lokaci ya kasance 6: 00-8: 00 da 16: 00-18: 00. Daidaita tazara tsakanin hasken LED da shuka don tsayin haske daga ƙasa ya kai 50 zuwa 70 cm. An auna tsayin shuke-shuke da tsawon tushe tare da mai mulki, an auna kaurin zangon tare da kalifar vernier, kuma an auna kaurin kara a tushe. A yayin ƙudurin, an ɗauki samfurin bazuwar don samfuran tsire-tsire iri daban-daban, tare da zana 10 a kowane lokaci. An lasafta ƙididdigar ƙirar lafiya bisa ga hanyar Zhang Zhenxian et al. (Indexarfin tsire-tsire masu ƙarfi = tushe kauri / tsayin shuka × gabaɗaya tsire bushe); chlorophyll an ƙaddara shi ta hanyar cirewa tare da 80% acetone; tushen ƙwarewa ta hanyar hanyar TYC; mai ƙarancin sukari mai narkewa an ƙaddara shi ta Tabbatar da launi mai launi.
sakamako da bincike
Tasirin ingancin haske daban-daban akan tsarin halittar tumatir, banda koren haske, tsarin nunannun tumatir mai karfi "Israel Hongfeng" ya kasance mafi girma fiye da na sarrafawar, umarnin yayi ja da haske shuɗi> ja haske> launin rawaya> hasken shuɗi; duk alamun ingancin haske Sabbin alamu da bushewar alamomin kula sun kasance sun fi na wadanda ake sarrafawa girma, kuma maganin jan haske da shuɗi ya kai ƙimar da ta fi girma; ban da koren haske da shuɗi mai haske, kaurin tushe na sauran magungunan ingancin haske ya kasance mafi girma fiye da na sarrafawar, sannan haske mai haske> haske ja da shuɗi> Haske mai haske.
Tumatir "Dutch Red Powder" yana yin ma'amala kaɗan da magani mai ingancin haske. Ban da koren haske, ƙididdigar tsire-tsire masu kyau na tumatir "Dutch Red Powder" ya kasance mafi girma fiye da na sarrafawar, sannan haske mai shuɗi> haske mai launin shuɗi> ja mai haske> haske mai launin rawaya; sabo-sabo da busassun fihirisa na dukkan ingancin jiyya masu ƙarfi sun kasance mafi girma fiye da waɗanda suke da iko. Jinin haske ja ya kai ƙimar da ta fi girma; kaurin duwatsu na dukkan ingancin jiyya mai inganci ya fi na sarrafawa, kuma oda ya kasance hasken ja> hasken rawaya> ja da haske mai launin shuɗi> koren haske> hasken shuɗi. Cikakken bincike na alamomi daban-daban, karin haske mai launin ja, shuɗi da ja yana da tasirin gaske akan haɓakar nau'ikan tumatir guda biyu. Tsarin kauri, sabo, nauyin bushewa da alamomin tsirrai masu ƙarfi sunfi waɗanda suke iko ƙarfi. Amma akwai ɗan bambanci tsakanin iri. Tumatir "Israel Hongfeng" a ƙarƙashin jan haske da shuɗi mai haske, nauyinsa sabo, nauyin busasshe da ƙididdigar ƙwaya mai ƙarfi duk sun kai manyan ƙimomi, kuma akwai manyan bambance-bambance tare da sauran jiyya; tumatir "Dutch Red Powder" a ƙarƙashin maganin wutan ja. Tsayin tsirran sa, kaurin sa, tsawon sa, sabo sabo, da busasshen nauyi duk sun kai ƙimar girma, kuma akwai manyan bambance-bambance tare da sauran jiyya.
Arkashin jan wuta, tsayin dasa shukokin tumatir ya fi na sarrafawa muhimmanci. Jan wuta yana da mahimmiyar rawa wajen inganta tsawaitar kara, karuwar adadin hotuna da kuma tarin kwayoyin halitta. Bugu da kari, karin haske ja yana iya kara mahimmancin tushen tushen tumatir "Hoda jan foda", wanda yayi kama da nazari akan kokwamba, yana mai nuni da cewa jan haske ma na iya inganta Matsayin tushen gashi. A ƙarƙashin ƙarin haske mai haske mai haske na shuɗi da shuɗi, ƙididdigar ƙwayoyin tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire guda uku sun kasance mafi girma fiye da na sarrafawar.
Haɗuwa da launin shuɗi mai launin shuɗi da shuɗi yana da tasiri mai tasiri akan ci gaba da bunƙasa shuke-shuke, wanda ya fi magani mai haske monochromatic. Tasirin jan LED akan ciwan alayyahu ba bayyananne bane, kuma haɓakar ilimin halittar jiki na alayyafo yana da haɓaka sosai bayan ƙara shuɗin LED. Bayanin buhunan sukari wanda aka girma a karkashin hasken haske mai launin ja da shuɗi mai haske yana da girma, cincin betain a cikin tushen gashi yana da mahimmanci, kuma ana samar da babban sukari da sitaci a cikin tushen gashi. Wasu karatuttukan sunyi imanin cewa haɗuwa da fitilun LED da ja da shuɗi na iya ƙara haɓakar gidan hotuna don inganta haɓakar tsire-tsire da bunƙasa saboda nishaɗin makamashi na ba da haske na jan haske da shuɗi ya yi daidai da yanayin ɗaukar chlorophyll. Bugu da kari, karin hasken shudi yana da tasiri mai kyau a kan sabo mai nauyi, busassun nauyi da kuma nuna karfi na noman tumatir. Shigar da hasken shudi a matakin shuka zai iya inganta ci gaban tumatir, wanda zai dace da noman ƙwayoyi masu ƙarfi. Wannan binciken ya kuma gano cewa karawa da hasken rawaya ya kara karfin sinadarin chlorophyll da carotenoids na tumatir "Israel Hongfeng". Sakamakon binciken ya nuna cewa koren haske yana inganta saurin ci gaban shuke-shuken Arabidopsis chlorosis, kuma an yi imanin cewa sabon siginar haske da koren haske ke kunnawa yana inganta tsawan jini da kuma hana haɓaka girma.
Yawancin maganganu da aka samo a cikin wannan gwajin sun yi kama da na waɗanda suka gabace mu, yana mai tabbatar da matsayi na musamman na yanayin LED a cikin haɓakar shuka. Tasirin ingancin haske a kan yanayin ƙoshin abinci mai gina jiki da halaye na ilimin tsirrai na tsire-tsire suna da mahimmanci, wanda ke da mahimmanci don samarwa. Yi amfani da lightarin haske mai toari don shuka seedlingsan itace masu ƙarfi don samar da tushen ka'idoji da sigogin fasaha mai yuwuwa. Koyaya, ƙarin hasken wutar lantarki har yanzu tsari ne mai rikitarwa. A nan gaba, ya zama dole a dunkule don bincika sakamako da kuma hanyoyin abubuwan da ke tattare da muhalli masu haske kamar bambance-bambancen bambance-bambancen (hasken haske) rarrabawa (adadi mai yawa) rarrabawa da kuma daukar hoto kan ci gaban tsire-tsire, ta yadda za a shuka tsire-tsire don kayayyakin masana'antu . Daidaitaccen tsari na yanayin Zhongguang yana ba da alamun misali.

1111


Post lokaci: Jul-28-2020